Download E-books Écrits logiques et philosophiques PDF

By Gottlob Frege

Ecrits logiques et philosophiques Dix textes, échelonnés entre 1879 et 1925, qui forment une méditation proceed, sur les médications qu'il faut administrer à l. a. langue naturelle pour satisfaire l'idéal d'une «langue formulaire de los angeles pensée pure».Dix textes qui se trouvent aux assets de trois courants essentiels de los angeles pensée contemporaine : le formalisme logique, dont los angeles determine décisive sera Bertrand Russell ; los angeles critique du langage commun, que poursuivra, après Wittgenstein, l. a. philosophie analytique anglo-saxonne ; et los angeles réflexion proprement linguistique.Parmi les apports décisifs de ces essais de Frege, il faut noter los angeles development d'une logique extensionnelle (avec l'identification du thought et de los angeles fonction) et los angeles mise en position de ce «triplet» de notions : l. a. fonction, essentiellement insaturée, l'argument qui los angeles complète, l. a. valeur (de vérité) que prend l. a. fonction pour cet argument. S'y articule cette contrast valable en tout langage : s'il y a des expressions équivalentes, c'est qu'à los angeles pluralité des sens se conjugue l'unité de los angeles dénotation.

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Download E-books Doubt: A History: The Great Doubters and Their Legacy of Innovation from Socrates and Jesus to Thomas Jefferson and Emily Dickinson PDF

By Jennifer Michael Hecht

Within the culture of grand sweeping histories corresponding to From sunrise To Decadence, The constitution of clinical Revolutions, and A historical past of God, Hecht champions doubt and wondering as one of many nice and noble, if unheralded, highbrow traditions that distinguish the Western brain especially-from Socrates to Galileo and Darwin to Wittgenstein and Hawking. this can be an account of the world's maximum ‘intellectual virtuosos,' who're additionally humanity's maximum doubters and disbelievers, from the traditional Greek philosophers, Jesus, and the japanese religions, to trendy secular equivalents Marx, Freud and Darwin—and their makes an attempt to reconcile the seeming meaninglessness of the universe with the human want for that means,

This outstanding publication levels from the early Greeks, Hebrew figures reminiscent of task and Ecclesiastes, japanese serious knowledge, Roman stoicism, Jesus as a guy of doubt, Gnosticism and Christian mystics, medieval Islamic, Jewish and Christian skeptics, secularism, the increase of technological know-how, sleek and modern severe thinkers akin to Schopenhauer, Darwin, Marx, Freud, Nietzsche, the existentialists.

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Download E-books Pasión femenina (Great Ideas 38) PDF

40 grandes principles que han cambiado el mundo.

Kierkegaard, a quien a veces se ha tachado de misógino, tenía una concepción elevada del alma femenina. En estos textos, con un trasfondo de crítica social, el filósofo de l. a. angustia nos brinda un fino análisis estético de l. a. aflicción a través de diversas figuras femeninas (una Antígona moderna, María Beaumarchais, Doña Elvira y Margarita).

A lo largo de los angeles historia, algunos libros han cambiado el mundo. Han transformado l. a. manera en que nos vemos a nosotros mismos y a los demás. Han inspirado el debate, los angeles discordia, los angeles guerra y l. a. revolución. Han iluminado, indignado, provocado y consolado. Han enriquecido vidas, y también las han destruido. Taurus publica las obras de los grandes pensadores, pioneros, radicales y visionarios cuyas principles sacudieron l. a. civilización y nos impulsaron a ser quienes somos.

La crítica ha dicho sobre l. a. colección «Great Ideas»...
«Un fenómeno editorial.»
The Guardian

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Download E-books Psicología del arte PDF

By Lev Vygotsky

«Hay que leer Psicología del arte en dos niveles: como psicología del arte y como psicología del arte. [...] Al comparar el libro de Vygotsky con otros textos sobre arte de los primeros años veinte percibimos de inmediato su excepcionalidad. En él, su autor interroga a las formas clásicas de l. a. literatura: l. a. fábula, l. a. novela y las tragedias de Shakespeare. Pero su atención no se centra en las controversias por aquel entonces de moda. [...] El gran problema que se plantea reviste un significado más amplio y genérico: una creación artística ¿qué es lo que hace?, ¿qué l. a. convierte en obra de arte? Éste es, en realidad, el problema estético capital, y no podemos ignorarlo si queremos ponderar el verdadero valor de una novedad surgida en el mundo del arte. En opinión del autor, al analizar l. a. estructura de una obra de arte uno debe recrear los angeles respuesta, los angeles actividad interna a los angeles que dicha obra da pie. Este concepto permitió a Vygotsky internarse en los secretos del valor perdurable de las grandes obras artísticas o descubrir esa fuerza en virtud de los angeles cual una epopeya griega o una tragedia shakesperiana siguen, en palabras de Marx, "suministrándonos goce artístico y, en ciertos sentidos, sirviéndonos como norma y modelo inalcanzable".» De los angeles introducción de A. N. Leontiev

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Download E-books On Aristotle Physics 4.1-5 (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle) PDF

By Philoponus

Aristotle's account of position, during which he outlined a thing's position because the internal floor of its nearest motionless box, used to be supported by way of the Latin heart a long time, even 1600 years after his demise, even though it had now not confident many historical Greek philosophers. The 6th century commentator Philoponus took a extra common sense view. For him, position was once an motionless third-dimensional extension, whose essence didn't avoid its being empty, no matter if for different purposes it had continuously to be full of physique. notwithstanding, Philoponus reserved his personal definition for an excursus, already translated during this sequence, The Corollary on position. within the textual content translated right here he sought after as a substitute to give an explanation for Aristotle's view to simple scholars. the new conjecture that he wanted to draw younger fellow Christians clear of the professional pagan professor of philosophy in Alexandria has the benefit of explaining why he expounds Aristotle the following, instead of attacking him. yet he nonetheless places the scholars via their paces, for instance while discussing Aristotle's declare that position can't be a physique, or our bodies may coincide.

This quantity comprises an English translation of Philoponus' statement, in addition to an in depth creation, huge explanatory notes and a bibliography.

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Download E-books Continental Divide: Heidegger, Cassirer, Davos PDF

In the spring of 1929, Martin Heidegger and Ernst Cassirer met for a public dialog in Davos, Switzerland. They have been arguably crucial thinkers in Europe, and their alternate touched upon the main pressing questions within the historical past of philosophy: what's human finitude? what's objectivity? what's tradition? what's fact?

Over the final 80 years the Davos stumble upon has bought an allegorical value, as though it marked an final and irreparable rupture in twentieth-century Continental inspiration. the following, in a reconstruction instantaneously old and philosophical, Peter Gordon reexamines the dialog, its origins and its aftermath, resuscitating an occasion that has turn into entombed in its personal mythology. via a detailed and painstaking research, Gordon dissects the trade itself to bare that it used to be at middle a philosophical confrontation over what it ability to be human.

But Gordon additionally indicates how the lifestyles and paintings of those philosophers remained heavily intertwined. Their confrontation might be understood provided that we have fun with their universal aspect of departure as thinkers of the German interwar hindrance, an period of uprising that touched the entire significant philosophical hobbies of the day―life-philosophy, philosophical anthropology, neo-Kantianism, phenomenology, and existentialism. As Gordon explains, the Davos debate might proceed to either motivate and galvanize good after the 2 males had long gone their separate methods. It is still, even at the present time, a touchstone of philosophical memory.

This transparent, riveting ebook should be of serious curiosity not just to philosophers and to historians of philosophy but in addition to somebody drawn to the nice highbrow ferment of Europe’s interwar years.

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Download E-books The Challenge of Rousseau PDF

Written through favourite students of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's philosophy, this assortment celebrates the three hundredth anniversary of Rousseau's start and the 250th anniversary of the e-book of Emile. The intensity and systematic personality of Rousseau's idea used to be famous shortly via thinkers reminiscent of Kant and Hegel, but debate keeps over the measure to which Rousseau's legacy is the results of poetic, literary, or rhetorical genius, instead of of philosophic rigor or profundity. The authors concentrate on Rousseau's real but undervalued stature as a thinker. This assortment comprises essays that enhance many of the advanced difficulties Rousseau taken care of so appreciably and profoundly, in addition to essays at the lively debates he engaged in with considerate contemporaries and predecessors.

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Download E-books Psychologies of Mind: The Collected Papers of John Maze PDF

John Maze used to be a huge between philosophers of psychology. This fascinating, new choice of his released paintings demonstrates that what's probably new in psychology is so usually no longer new in any respect yet usually comprises ill-informed corruptions of prior, discarded, erroneous makes an attempt. Their assortment jointly is well timed within the present, innovatory period of cross-disciplinary exploration and integration at the borderlands of psychology and philosophy, the place there's a obvious possibility that the welcome loosening of boundaries to mutual verbal exchange additionally generates a few 'wild' theorizing, ordinary sufficient within the historical past of psychology itself. A corpus amazing for its coherence, highbrow virtuosity and radicalism over 50 years, it speaks meaningfully to the wide variety of mental thought all through its historical past as much as the current day. Written with splendor and eloquence, the essays entail a thoroughgoing serious research of the main unsafe philosophical erroers of educational psychology within the twentieth century, the relegation to background through the 20 th century academy of a few of the conceptually such a lot promising traces of analysis, the price that has been borne by means of the self-discipline of psychology, and the main promising destiny path for the self-discipline.

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