Translated through Aubrey de Sélincourt with an advent and Notes via John M. Marincola.
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86] There are specialist embalmers who specialise in this paintings. while a corpse is delivered to them, they exhibit those that introduced it pattern corpses produced from wooden, that are painted with the intention to be sensible. the simplest embalming technique, i'm instructed, is sacred to the god whose identify it'd be sacrilegious of me to say during this context. additionally they express samples of the second-best procedure, that's either not so good as and less expensive than the 1st one, and of the third-best procedure, that is the most cost effective of all of them. They clarify the approaches and ask which process the kin wish used at the corpse, after which, when they have agreed on a cost, the family members go away, and the others remain at the back of of their store and get correct to paintings at the embalming. Their first activity, within the top embalming approach, is to extract the mind by means of passing a hooked iron device throughout the nostrils; a part of the mind is extracted during this means, and a part of it via pouring in medications. subsequent, they minimize open the aspect of the corpse with a pointy Ethiopian stone knife and take away the entire intestines. Then they fresh out the hollow space and rinse it first with palm wine after which with beaten spices. After this, they fill the corpse’s abdominal with overwhelmed myrrh and cassia and different perfumed spices (but no longer with frankincense) and stitch it again up. the following section is to pack the corpse in natron and go away it to mummify for seventy days—but they aren't presupposed to depart it for longer. as soon as the seventy days are over, they wash the corpse after which wrap the total of its physique in bandages made from superb linen textile lower into strips. The bandages have gum (which is mostly utilized in Egypt rather than glue) smeared on their underside. Then the family come and gather the corpse. They make a hole casket within the form of a guy and enclose the corpse within it. as soon as the corpse has been close away contained in the casket, they shop it upright opposed to the wall in a burial chamber.  that's the costliest method for getting ready corpses, but when the next-best technique is selected to save cash, they arrange the corpse as follows. They fill syringes with oil made up of cedars and squirt it into the intestines of the corpse, until eventually it truly is complete. This strategy doesn't contain them slicing the corpse open or removal its guts; they insert the syringe into the anus and use a stopper to avoid any backflow from the douche. they keep it for the prescribed variety of days, after which at the final day they draw off from the entrails the cedar oil which they'd injected in past. The influence of the oil has been to dissolve the heart and the intestines, with the outcome that they're all drawn off in addition to the oil. in the meantime, the natron has dissolved the flesh, in order that all that's left of the corpse is the outside and the bones. Then they go back the corpse because it is, with no placing any further paintings into it.  The 3rd embalming technique is used to organize the corpses of these who have been much less well to do financially. The entrails are wiped clean out with myrrh, the corpse is preserved as ordinary for the seventy days, after which it truly is lower back to be taken away.