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Title: Libanius's Progymnasmata
Author: Libanius/ Gibson, Craig (TRN)
Publisher: Lightning resource Inc
Publication Date: 2008/11/20
Number of Pages: 571
Binding kind: PAPERBACK
Library of Congress: 2008043282

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17–24. ninety six libanius’s  progymnasmata βουλήματι οὐχ ἧττον διὰ τῶν παραινέσεων ἃς ἐγκατέπλεκεν ὠφελεῖ νῦν μὲν λέγων ὅπως δεῖ προσφέρεσθαι ξένοις, νῦν δὲ ὅπως θεοῖς, πάλιν δὲ ᾗτινι γνώμῃ χρηστέον ἐν τοῖς ὑπὲρ πατρίδος κινδύνοις. (3) πάντα μὲν οὖν ἐπαίνων ἄξια, νικᾶται δὲ τῷ πρὸς τοὺς βασιλεῖς ὑπὲρ ἀγρυπνίας εἰρημένῳ. καὶ γὰρ τὸν ἄρχοντα ποιήσας ἀγαθὸν <ἀγαθοὺς> δι’ ἐκείνου <καὶ> τοὺς ἀρχομένους ἐποίησε. θαυμάσειε δ’ ἄν τις τὸ καὶ τῶν πραγμάτων αὐτῷ μελῆσαι καὶ τοῦ περὶ τούτων βουλευομένου. οἷς φεύγειν χρῆναι τὸν ὕπνον εἰπὼν οὐ δι’ ὅλου προσέθηκεν, ἀλλ’ ἠξίωσε τὸν καιρὸν τέμνειν εἰς ὕπνον καὶ φροντίδα. οὐ χρὴ γάρ φησι παννύχιον εὕδειν ἄνδρα μεγάλην ἀρχὴν ἔχοντα καλῶς καὶ προσηκόντως εἰπών. (4) ὅρα γὰρ πόσα περιέστηκε τὸν βασιλεύοντα. πλήθους ἐπιμελήσεται στρατιωτῶν καὶ ὅπως ἔσονται κρείττους τῆς τῶν ἀντιπάλων ἀρετῆς καὶ τῆς ἐν τοῖς ὅπλοις μελέτης εἰδὼς ὅτι μετ’ ἀμαθίας τὸ πλῆθος ἄχρηστον. ἐπὶ τούτοις ὅπλων ποιήσεται καὶ τροφῆς φροντίδα, ὅπως τὰ μὲν ἄριστα κατασκευασθῇ, τὴν δὲ ἔχωσιν ἄφθονον. τοῖς δὲ παρακελεύσεται τὸ τεῖχος παρασκευάζειν, τοῖς δὲ τάφρον περιελαύνειν, τοῖς δὲ σκόλοπας καταπηγνύναι. (5) σκοπείτω δὲ τῶν νεῶν τὸν ἀριθμὸν καὶ τούτων τίνες ἀκέραιοι, τίνες δὲ χρῄζουσαι θεραπείας. σκοπείτω δὲ περὶ τῶν τοξοτῶν, περὶ τῶν ἱππέων, περὶ τῶν ὁπλιτῶν, καὶ τὰ μὲν καλῶς κείμενα φυλαττέτω, τὰ δὲ κακῶς ἐπανορθούτω πρὸς τὸ χρηστότερον, τὰ δὲ τῶν ἐναντίων ὅπως ἕξει στάσιν ποιείτω. (6) μυρία παρὰ τῶν πραγμάτων ὁ βασιλεὺς ἂν ἀπαιτοῖτο, κἀπειδὴ μικρὸν εἰς βουλὰς καὶ πράξεις τὸ τῆς ἡμέρας μέτρον, δεῖται καὶ τῆς νυκτὸς οὐκ ὀλίγον ἀποδιδόναι τῇ περὶ ταῦτα προνοίᾳ. τοῦτο γὰρ αὐτῷ διατηρήσει τὴν ἀρχήν, ἂν μὲν ἡ νὺξ δέχηται τὰς βουλάς, τῆς δὲ ἡμέρας φανείσης ἐπιτελῇ τὰ δόξαντα. (7) Ταῦτα πρὸς τὸν πολλῶν ἡγούμενον Ὅμηρος λέγει, τὸν δὲ ἰδιώτην ἀφίησι καθεύδειν. τί γὰρ ἄν τις αὐτὸν ταύτης ἀποστεροίη τῆς ἡδονῆς δυοῖν The workout in Maxim ninety seven plots at the very least via the exhortations that he wove into his poems, Homer is helping us by way of asserting that one needs to provide hospitality now to strangers, now to the gods, and in addition by way of asserting what outlook one needs to undertake whilst present process risks on behalf of one’s kingdom. Paraphrase (3) So whereas some of these maxims are praiseworthy, they're passed by means of the only addressed to kings with regards to warding off sleep. 12 For certainly, having made the ruler an outstanding guy, he made his topics via him. One may possibly respect the truth that Homer used to be involved either with affairs and with the fellow who deliberates over them. In announcing to those males that they need to steer clear of sleep, he didn't upload the phrases “all the time,” yet as an alternative observed healthy to divide that severe time right into a interval of sleep and a interval of mirrored image; for he announces that “a guy having nice authority usually are not sleep all night,” announcing this superbly and fittingly. reason (4) For see what percentage duties encompass the king. he'll be troubled with a lot of infantrymen, and with how they are going to be improved to their adversaries in braveness, and with their education in weaponry, understanding that with no guide his nice numbers are dead.

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