Download E-books Money in Classical Antiquity (Key Themes in Ancient History) PDF

By Sitta von Reden

This is often the 1st booklet to supply a complete research of the impression of cash at the economic system, society and tradition of the Greek and Roman global, utilizing new ways in financial historical past to discover how cash affected the financial system and which elements have to be thought of that allows you to increase our figuring out of historical funds. overlaying a variety of financial contexts in the Mediterranean over nearly one thousand years (c. six hundred BC - advert three hundred) its strategy is comparative and particular that allows you to reveal that cash performs diverse roles lower than assorted social and political conditions. based on the purpose of the main subject matters sequence, the booklet not just deals assistance to scholars and direction administrators for learning cash at college point, but in addition a few views for destiny examine to graduate scholars and experts.

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Little may be inferred from this example, yet loans particularly in actual fact have been prolonged via bankers. one other  Bagnall and Bogaert (). money and credits  banker’s mortgage was once used to make up a brief tax deficit so one can fulfill the tax-collector until eventually the arrears have been accumulated. (P. Mich. Zen. ). the main revealing case is a chain of communications Zenon exchanged along with his banker in Athribis within the Delta. while trying to borrow , drachmas for the acquisition of donkeys, his agent stumbled on that the financial institution were emptied via Antiochos, the army commander, while wanting cash for rations. Zenon despatched to a subordinate banker who scraped jointly the asked sum in a combined bag of silver and bronze cash. In flip, that banker requested for a favour, recommended through his more advantageous confirming how tricky it were to pay money for funds. we won't be certain, however it is probably that the banker borrowed the sum himself, or acted as dealer for the cash raised (P. Lond. VII , , ). what's extra, Zenon was once good conversant in all bankers concerned, who additionally did different company for him within the neighborhood markets. there's no indication that banking was once an nameless company earning profits on hand to someone who confirmed enough credentials. extra commonplace than the credits functionality of banks used to be their position in dealing with funds via written order. The financial institution diagraphe, that's additionally identified from classical Athens, said the order to obtain cash purely, whereas chrematismos, no longer attested prior to the Hellenistic interval, was once the corresponding time period for paying out funds.  Their most crucial point used to be that funds made and bought during this method have been topic to felony execution. funds needed to be stated via a written receipt which together with the order served as criminal facts for the transactions having taken position. Written orders have been a prerequisite for funds at a distance. Absentee landlords in addition to different kinds of principals may perhaps therefore hold regulate over funds made and bought on their behalf in a advertisement or agrarian context. a very noteworthy instance dates to the yr / bc and is pointed out in a letter written to a banker in Syria who seems to be supervising source of revenue from grain obtained in and exported from Syria, which at the moment was once an imperial ownership the place either the king and a few of his officers held landed property. Apollonios, the dioiketes (financial minister of Egypt), therefore urged Hikesios, the banker: If any of these exporting grain from Syria suggest in writing (diagrapsousin) its expense or the parabolion (? surety cost) to you, please obtain it in the course of the financial institution and for us offer double receipts mentioning the identify of the payer, the amount of cash paid, and no matter if it's been paid in via another person. (PSI IV )  Bagnall and Bogaert (); Cohen () for the diagraphe in Athens.  funds in Classical Antiquity the purpose of the guide turns out to were to maintain keep watch over over the source of revenue bought from the revenues by way of a number of investors.

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