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By Mogens Herman Hansen

From antiquity until eventually the 19th century, there were varieties of country: macro-states, every one dotted with a few towns, and areas damaged up into city-states, every one which includes an city heart and its hinterland. A sector settled with interacting city-states constituted a city-state tradition and Polis opens with an outline of the recommendations of urban, kingdom, city-state, and city-state tradition, and a survey of the 37 city-state cultures up to now pointed out. Mogens Herman Hansen offers a completely obtainable creation to the polis (plural: poleis), or old Greek city-state, which represents by way of a long way the most important of all city-state cultures. He addresses such themes because the emergence of the polis, its dimension and inhabitants, and its political association, starting from well-known poleis similar to Athens and Sparta via greater than 1,000 identified examples.

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Four. 19; Hdt. eight. three. 1. 10. Hdt. 1. 59–60 (Athens); Thuc. four. seventy one. 1 (Megara); Thuc. 7. 50. 1 (Akragas); Arist. Oec. 1348B1 (Phokaia). eleven. Or, really, not often. For a great use of stasis to indicate a constitutional faction, see Thuc. 2. 22. three. 12. Hansen (1987) seventy four. Notes to bankruptcy 21 185 thirteen. CPCInv. 124–9 with the index, 1361–2. past surveys in Gehrke (1985); Berger (1992). 14. Thuc. five. 33. 1 (Parrhasian poleis in Arkadia); Xen. Hell. 7. 1. 41–3 (Achaian poleis in 366). 15. Berger (1992) 34–53. sixteen. IG I3 14. 32 ·. (Erythrai); Meiggs–Lewis, GHI eighty three (Thasos); IG XII. nine a hundred ninety (Eretria); Tod, GHI 191 (Eresos); Syll. three 360 (Chersonesos); I. Ilion 25 (Ilion). 17. Seibert (1979) 353–407; McKechnie (1989) 16–33. 18. IvO 22 (Selinus); IG XII. 2 6 (Mytilene); Tod, GHI 192 (Chios); SEG 30 1119 (Nakona); Arist. Ath. Pol. 39 (Athens). Seibert (1979) 401–2. 19. Gehrke (1985) 359; cf. Thuc. four. 86. 4–5. 20. Ste Croix (1954–5) 29, countering Ehrenberg’s declare ((1947) forty eight) that liberty (eleutheria) and independence (autonomia) have been the elemental values of the polis. 21. Xen. Mem. four. four. sixteen. Th‹eriault (1996). bankruptcy 22: Relationships among Poleis 1. Kienast (1973); Adcock and Mosley (1975); Bederman (2001) 88–120. 2. Presbeis: Thuc. 1. 24. 6 (Epidamnos). Presbeutai: IG XII. five 1004. three (Ios). Kienast (1973) 507–10. three. Meiggs–Lewis, GHI sixty five. 16–17; Plut. consistent with. 17. 2. four. Meiggs–Lewis, GHI forty five. (9); CID II 31. forty nine; Adcock and Mosley (1975) 152–4. five. Perlman (2000) 14–16, 45–60. 6. Hom. Il. 6. 224–31. Herman (1987). 7. Gschnitzer (1973); Marek (1984); Bederman (2001) 130–4. eight. Wallace (1970) one hundred ninety; Gschnitzer (1973) 632. Proxenos may also suggest ‘one who assists a foreigner’: Marek (1984) 387. nine. Meiggs–Lewis, GHI eighty two. 10. De Romilly (1968) 207–11. eleven. A. H. M. Jones (1940) 236, 256; Camp (2000) 50. 12. Kelly (1976) 49–50, 64–5, 73–7, 86–9, ninety five, ninety nine, 127–8, 138. thirteen. Meritt, Wade-Gery and McGregor (1939) 461–566; CPCInv. 111–14 with the index, 1356–60. 14. Wickert (1961). 15. Supra fifty three. sixteen. CPCInv. 120–3 with the index, 1363–4. 17. Paus. eight. 28. 1. call for (1990) 59–61; Pi‹erart (1997) 333–7; J. M. corridor (1995). 18. Shipley (1997); J. M. corridor (2000). Contra Mertens (2002), countered via Hansen (2004b). 186 Notes to bankruptcy 22 19. Huxley (1966) 120–2. at the stipulations after the King’s Peace of 386, see Debord (1999) 279–82. 20. Diod. 14. eighty two. 1 = Staatsvertr•age no. 225. 21. Meiggs (1972); Schuller (1974). 22. Wickert (1961); Ste Croix (1972) 96–124; Lendon (1994). 23. Helisson was once depending on Mantinea (SEG 37 340 = RO 14); Mykalessos used to be depending on Tanagra (Thuc. 7. 29–30; Strabo nine. 2. eleven, 14) or Thebes (CPCInv. 88 n. 4); idea was once depending on Kolophon (Arist. Pol. 1303B10). Hansen (1997d) 31, 35. 24. The Corinthian colonies in western Greece have been to a point ruled from their city, i. e. Corinth: Graham (1964) 118–53; certainly one of them was once Ambrakia (Thuc. 2. eighty. three; Arist. Pol. 1304A1–3, 1311A40): Hansen (1997d) 33. 25. Xen. Hell. five. 1. 31 (the King’s Peace of 386), therefore e. g. Mylasa (Tod, GHI 138; Hansen (1997d) 36). 26. The Boiotian Federation used to be ruled by means of Thebes, and the Thebans disadvantaged the entire smaller Boiotian poleis in their autonomia and decreased them to dependencies: Xen.

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