Download E-books Theocritus: Encomium of Ptolemy Philadelphus PDF

By Richard Hunter

Lower than Ptolemy II Philadelphus, who governed Egypt in the midst of the 3rd century B.C.E., Alexandria grew to become the bright multicultural capital of the Greek international. Theocritus's poem in compliment of Philadelphus—at as soon as a Greek king and an Egyptian pharaoh—is the single prolonged poetic tribute to this remarkable ruler that survives. Combining the Greek textual content, an English translation, an entire line-by-line observation, and huge introductory reports of the poem's old and literary context, this quantity additionally bargains a wide-ranging and far-reaching attention of the workings and illustration of poetic patronage within the Ptolemaic age. particularly, the booklet explores the sophisticated and complicated hyperlinks between Theocritus's poem, modes of compliment drawn from either Greek and Egyptian traditions, and the following flowering of Latin poetry within the Augustan age.

As the 1st unique account of this significant poem to teach how Theocritus may have drawn at the pharaonic traditions of Egypt in addition to prior Greek poetry, this booklet gives distinctive perception into how compliment poetry for Ptolemy and his spouse can have helped to barter the difference of Greek tradition that modified stipulations of the hot Hellenistic global. helpful for its transparent translation and its statement on style, dialect, diction, and ancient reference when it comes to Theocritus's Encomium, the ebook can be major for what it unearths in regards to the poem's cultural and social contexts and approximately Theocritus' units for addressing his a number of readerships.

COVER photo: the picture at the entrance disguise of this e-book is incorrectly pointed out at the jacket flap. the proper caption is: Gold Oktadrachm depicting Ptolemy II and Arsinoe (mid-third century BCE; by way of permission of the Museum of excellent Arts, Boston).

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33–34, oJ mevga" kai; poluqrevmmwn | Nei'lo", editors are divided among “much-nurturing” and “full of monsters” (cf. Broadhead advert loc. ). Barchiesi (1996, 14–15) means that T. ’s polukhvtea Nei'lon is imitated at Hor. Carm. four. 14. 47–48, beluosus . . . Oceanus. ejstavsato: Aorist of repeated motion, like ejxhvlato (v. a hundred) (cf. K-G I 162). observation on strains 99–102 / one hundred seventy five kwvmai": selected to indicate the small agricultural and administrative devices of Egypt (cf. Bevan 1927, 143, and so forth. ). a hundred –101 recommend the livestock raids of which Nestor tells, or a pirate raid, akin to are in most cases defined within the Odyssey (cf. 14. 257–86 [a raid on Egyptian fields]). The verses are certainly jam-packed with epic language, qoa'" . . . naov", qwrhcqeiv", ajnavrsio". For the crucial significance of livestock within the Egyptian economic climate cf. Schnebel 1925, 320–23; Kees 1961, 86–91. Aijguptivhisin: Scanned as 4 syllables, with the significant iota handled consonantally; it is a typical Homeric prosody (cf. West on Od. four. 83). 102 platevessin . . . pedivoisi: If pressed, this is often extra evidently applicable to the Delta and the Fayum than to the Nile Valley. ejniv drutai: it seems that “is settled,” notwithstanding the use is much extra typical of a complete humans, as at Epigr. 18. five, toi; Surakouvssai" ejnivdruntai (where see Gow’s note), than of 1 ruler. because the verb is standardly used of temples and statues (cf. v. one hundred twenty five; LSJ s. v. ), it could evoke the big pictures of the ruler displayed on Egyptian temples in the course of the geographical region, just like the Theban photographs of Ramses II (“Osymandyas”) defined by means of Hecataeus of Abdera (Diod. Sic. 1. 48): it's those photographs that deter power aggressors (cf. 93–94n. ). We can also consider nice enthroned statues, comparable to these of Amenhotep III at Thebes (the “Colossi of Memnon”). Be that because it may possibly, even though army prowess is an inevitable a part of any ideology of kingship (cf. , for instance, Isoc. Euag. 31–32, movno" pro;" pollou;" kai; met j ojlivgwn pro;" a{panta" tou;" ejcqrouv"; Préaux 1978, 195–99), the concept that the nationwide safety is dependent upon only one “invincible” warrior-king finds many echoes in pharaonic texts 176 / remark on traces 102–3 (cf. , for instance, Lichtheim 1973, 198–99 [Sesostris III]; 1976, forty-one [Amenhotep II], 62–63 [Ramses II]; Frankfort 1948, 8–9; Hornung 1957, 126–28; Spalinger 1982, 120–221). at the socalled Satrap Stele, Soter is “a individual of younger vigor, powerful in his palms, clever in spirit, chief of the warriors . . . now not turning his again, notable his adversaries within the face in the middle of the conflict . . . in the course of the conflict none may well stand opposed to him, as a result of the may possibly of his arm there has been no parrying his hand” (Bevan 1927, 30; cf. Roeder 1959, 101). at the “Pithom Stele” additionally, Philadelphus is defined in very traditional language as “der starke König, der Jüngling, der Große der Fremdländer, hoch an Arm am Tage des Zusammenstoßes und des Kampfes; der die Feinde bändigt, der die Gegner vertreibt, der den Widersache niederwirft durch viele starke Taten, der die Herzen aus den Leichen der menschen herausreißt .

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